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The European Union towards dissolution or "New Start"?
Written by Elton Demollari 28 Janar 2023
A few years ago the leaders of the EU member states met in Rome to celebrate the 60th anniversary of the signing of the Treaties of Rome. This official meeting once again offered Europeans the chance to reflect on the state of the European Union and also the perspective for the future of the integration process of aspiring countries, including our country, in this organization of states. In the end, the heads of the participating states came out with a joint statement, ie. The Rome Declaration, in which the common vision and approach for the following years was expressly sanctioned. According to that declaration, member states would commit and fight together for:
1. a safe Europe, where all citizens could move freely, where European external borders were safe. European migration policies to be effective.
2. for a prosperous and stable Europe, which promoted sustainable growth both politically and economically, to have a strong internal market.
3. for a social Europe, in which unemployment, discrimination, social exclusion and poverty are fought.
4. for a stronger Europe in the world, developing existing partnerships and building new bridges of cooperation, and showing commitment to strengthening its common security and defense.
Very fair decisions at first sight and which were totally supported by all European countries. Even the opponents of the Union were accepting the European reality of that time. But later situations showed the opposite. If Albanians are asked today, should we still have faith in the EU and should we join it, most will show on the one hand skepticism regarding its further existence and on the other hand will also express the risk of disintegration of the Union. It may seem like something strange, incredible, its dissolution, but not impossible. Anyway, I think that despite the problems and vicissitudes that the EU has experienced and is still experiencing, it will survive the storms and pressures that are choking it. In today's political spectrum, there are two opposing currents: the pan-European current and the anti-European current. A good part of Eurosceptics agree with the fact that, according to them, the EU has not fully fulfilled the principles and ideas for which it was created. That's why they are extremely fond of this idea. And this is also reflected in the political elections of European countries, where little by little right-wing nationalist and populist forces are gaining ground. Here I can mention the political position that the extreme right is gaining in France with Marie Le Pen at the head of the National Front. Right-wing nationalist forces rule in Poland. I can also mention Georgia Meloni, the new prime minister of Italy or, as it is otherwise known, the "New Face" of the European extreme right. Maybe camouflaged??? What new spirit will this bring? Will there be a change in the nationalist and populist mentality? This will be seen in the coming years. It should be emphasized that the EU is not a united state like the USA. So it does not exist like the United States of Europe. It does not act as a superstate, imposing its will on its members. It does not force them to implement its laws and regulations. Nor is it a federal state, like the FRG, exercising European sovereignty. In my opinion, but also other foreign experts are accustomed to the idea that the EU is only an international organization, which exists only on the basis of treaties and multilateral agreements. This means that the states of the European Union retain the sovereignty of their territorial On the other hand, they only have to follow EU treaties and rules, because they have accepted these since they joined the organization. In these years, a tendency to avoid some rules is noticed. This is called the opt-out or withdrawal option. The OPT-OUT clause means that an EU member state can decide sovereignly, which means, that it will not respect one or several rules of the EU. It can even negotiate from the beginning, not to participate in a series of rules, because accepting them would allude to the subsequent violation of its own political and economic values. So e.g. in 2003 a referendum was held in Sweden regarding its membership in the euro currency. The results of the referendum were that 56% of the population came out against this proposal, i.e. accepting the euro. And in this way, Sweden informed the EU Commission that it would not introduce the euro. So, the commission only had to accept this Swedish decision, otherwise it would create a legal and political precedent at the same time, which would have serious consequences for the EU in its continuity later. There are dozens of cases like this, not to mention the numerous scandals that have always haunted the Union. The last "Catargate". This has greatly weakened and reduced the confidence of Europeans inside and outside the Union in European legal institutions. These have also reduced the credibility and reputation of the EU in the eyes of the entire democratic world. The divergences between the EU states themselves are growing more and more. A cockfight is observed between Germany and France for its leadership. Until yesterday, Europe had Merkel as its leader. Yes today? Who is it? For its part, Poland has strongly opposed the Union's interventions in the functioning of the Polish judiciary. It has been sanctioned for this and is currently being sanctioned. They fear a "Polexit" similar to "Brexit". Hungary has not unanimously agreed with other European countries to impose sanctions against Russia. These are alarm bells, which show that the Union must be reformed urgently in form and content, inside and must adapt to new realities and challenges, current and future. It should urgently return to the UNITED STATES OF EUROPE and stop being called the EU. Always if it will survive the challenges of the future. Because the war in Ukraine highlighted these shortcomings and this lack of coherence, because the European Union found itself unprepared before this unjustifiable war on the part of Russia. This is the most important and the leaders of the EU must take this issue seriously and on the other hand they must completely change the approach of other European countries that aspire to integrate and join this organization of states.